Laboratory for Dynamics of Machines and Structures
Operational mode-shape normalisation with a structural modification for small and light structures
J. Slavič and
Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Volume 42, Issues 1–2, January 2014, Pages 1–13
When dealing with small and light structures, difficulties occur when measuring the modal parameters. The resonant frequencies are usually relatively high and therefore a wide frequency range is needed for the measurement. Furthermore, the mass that is added to the structure by the sensors causes structural modifications. To overcome these difficulties, an improved method using an operational modal analysis instead of an experimental modal analysis is proposed in this study. It is derived from the sensitivity-based operational mode-shape normalisation with a consideration of the mode-shape variation. The measurement of the excitation force is not needed, because the operational modal analysis is used and only two simultaneous response measurements at an unknown excitation are required. The proposed method includes the cancellation of the added mass, resulting in mode shapes and resonant frequencies of the unmodified structure. The numerical and experimental results on small and light structures are compared with the results of the experimental modal analysis. The comparison shows that the proposed approach allows measurements over a wide frequency range and increases the accuracy of the results compared to the sensitivity-based operational mode-shape normalisation and also compared to the particular experimental modal analysis method that was used in this study. The advantages of the proposed method can be seen whenever the mass that is added to the structure by the accelerometer is not negligible and therefore a variation of the mode shapes occurs.